Everything is Scale-Dependent: “Something Universal is Going on…”(G. West – physics applied to biology)

''Everything around us is scale dependent... It's woven into the fabric of the universe... It is truly amazing because life is easily the most complex of complex systems,... 'But in spite of this, it has this absurdly simple scaling law. Something universal is going on ...” Johnson (1999, ‘New York Times’ 12th January, excerpts taken…

“Natural Selection is about competition for resources and snowflakes are not alive — they don’t need it.” says Stuart Kauffmann

Looking at simple forms like the snowflake, [Kauffmann] he noted that its "delicate sixfold symmetry tells us that order can arise without the benefit of natural selection". Kauffman says natural selection is about competition for resources and snowflakes are not alive -- they don't need it.   See link below for more on fractals/maths in…