Everything is Scale-Dependent: “Something Universal is Going on…”(G. West – physics applied to biology)

''Everything around us is scale dependent... It's woven into the fabric of the universe... It is truly amazing because life is easily the most complex of complex systems,... 'But in spite of this, it has this absurdly simple scaling law. Something universal is going on ...” Johnson (1999, ‘New York Times’ 12th January, excerpts taken…

NATURE’S 1st LIQUID CRYSTAL (QUANTUM) COMPUTERS?

This is a preview of Chapter Three from forthcoming book on Evolution by Other Means...? CHAPTER THREE Alexander Graham Cairns-Smith (Born 1931) THE POSSIBLE ORIGINS OF NATURE’S FIRST CRYSTALINE (QUANTUM) COMPUTERS   Cairns-Smith is a Scottish molecular biologist and organic chemist and his crystalline origins theory leads on naturally from the previous chapters, as it…

Quantum Evolution: The Butterfly effect an introduction

Planetary nebula NGC 6302, better known as the Butterfly Nebula Credit: (JPL - NASA Photo) Anyone who has read, the Epigenetic Caterpillar: An Alternative to the Neo-Darwinian view of the Peppered Moth Phenomenon, will understand what I mean by the epigenetic aspect of metamorphosis - i.e. it explains why two seemingly distinct body-forms can arise…